birthmark / scar removal
Scars from scalp reduction surgery or neurosurgery. The most common scars to camouflage are strip scars (FUT scars) and dot scars (FUE scars).
WHAT CAUSES THESE SCARS?
Strip scars (above left) are caused by follicular unit transplantation (FUT) surgery. This is where a strip of skin containing hair follicles is removed from the back of the head, divided into follicle clusters and redistributed to where they are needed. Multiple FUT scars on one client are common, as the result of multiple procedures.Dot scars (above right) are caused by follicular unit extraction (FUE) surgery. This is a more advanced procedure where individual follicular units are extracted from the donor site, usually the back of the head, and relocated where necessary.
HOW ARE SCARS TREATED?
Assuming the scar is sufficiently healed, the general process of camouflaging them remains the same. However scar tissue by nature is unpredictable. Scars (and the scar tissue where the donor hair is implanted) require a sensitive approach. When dealing with scars, the multiple 3 session approach should be fully utilized to ensure quality. Scars can be ultra-absorbent, meaning they can require a very delicate and shallow touch. In contrast, scars can even be unaccepting of pigment. It is however, important to note that each session, regardless of how well the skin accepts the pigment, is essentially improving the health of the skin, and therefore increasing the probability of accepting pigment in the future. This is similar to “dry needling” which is a service offered by HT doctors. Breaking the skin allows new and healthy red blood cells to flow to the surface while forcing the skin to regenerate and heal itself with the production of new skin cells and collagen. With FUT scars technicians should treat a large blending area, in addition to the scar itself. This blending area should be at least 15mm both above and below the scar. When treating FUE scars, the blending area should include the healthy skin between each scar, and a buffer of at least 10mm around the donor site.
WHAT IS POSSIBLE?
Linear strip (FUT) scars are generally more challenging than FUE scars. When treating FUT scars it is important to advise the client beforehand what level of camouflage is to be realistically expected. This is usually expressed as a percentage, i.e 70%. .